Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are a few forms of apoplexy, such as:
- Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into the adrenal glands
- Pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland
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Apoplexy may be caused by:
- A tumor
- Hormonal imbalance
- Blood clot
- An illness
- Changes in blood volume or blood pressure
- Problems with blood clotting
Factors that may raise your chances of apoplexy are:
- Lack of hormones
- Prior surgery
- Bleeding problems
- Severe blood loss during childbirth
You may have:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of hunger
- Weight loss
- Belly pain
- Bluish skin color
- Problems seeing
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
Pictures may be taken. This can be done with:
Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. At first, your condition will be stabilized. Next, treatment will based on the cause and site of your apoplexy. You may have:
- Medicines—to correct hormonal imbalances
- Surgery—removing a tumor if that is the cause
Apoplexy can’t be prevented.
. UCLA Health System website. Available at:
Accessed July 30, 2018.
Last reviewed June 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board Kathleen A. Barry, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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